Stem Cells – ‘Mother Cells’

Stem Cells are the ‘Master Cells or Mother Cells? of the body. They are unspecialized cells that can become any other type of cells in the body.

  • Stem cells have the unique ability to Self Renew & differentiate into a variety of cells. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function – such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell or a nerve cell, etc.

  • Stem cells are distinguished from other cell types by two important characteristics. Firstly, they are unspecialized cells capable of renewing themselves through cell division.

  • Secondly, under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become tissue or organ-specific cells with special functions.

  • Unique characteristic features of Stem Cells are

    • Homing: Travel to the site of damage where regeneration is required
    • Engraftment: Settle down & grow & multiply
    • Plasticity: Potential to change into other cells